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A Complete Guide To Artificial Intelligence:  Types, Functionalities

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence came into existence in the year 1965 by John McCarthy. Form then it has become the trendiest word in the world, and it also brought a revolution in the 21st Century. At the time the machines came into existence the word, “Artificial Intelligence assignment help uk” was termed in the summer conference at Dartmouth University. 

Artificial intelligence has always impacted the lives of many people; it also benefitted many industries that got benefitted from the use of these technologies. AI or artificial intelligence is called the cross-disciplinary approach which I applied in various fields of studies starting from science to computer science, psychology, mathematics and linguistics, and others. 

Artificial intelligence is defined as the duplication of human intelligence, the intelligence which is applied to machines, and programming technologies. In a simple way of form, artificial intelligence is a field where the computer sciences and databases combination led to problem-solving, but one thing which differentiates AI from humans is its ability to rationalize thoughts and certain actions to achieve the target.

Different Types of Artificial Intelligence:- 

AI has now become a daily part of human lives now, and it is very important to understand that types of artificial intelligence based on various types, it is based on capabilities and functionalities. They are as follows:- 

Artificial intelligence types: based on capabilities:

Narrow or Weak AI – 

Narrow AI is used in the narrow task; it is the common type, used widely used on the world of artificial intelligence. Narrow AI is much more accurate and it is used in robust applications, for example in Apple’s Siri, Amazon’s Alexa, and IBM Watson. It is not so intelligent and works beyond the limitations thus, it is also called a Weak AI.

General Artificial intelligence – 

General AI is a type of artificial intelligence, that holds the ability and thinking decisions like a human being, they don’t exist currently and researchers focused mainly on developing machines that are based on general AI, the main purpose to use general AI is to make the system much smarter and so that it can act like a human.

Strong Artificial intelligence – 

Strong AI is made up of artificial general intelligence, strong AI where the machines surpass human intelligence so that tasks can be performed much better than humans, the usage of strong AI has the ability to think, solve puzzles, make reasons, and communicate as well as judgments.  But, there is no proper example to provide that states that Strong AI can bring suitable changes, still the industry leaders are focusing on building strong AI.

Artificial intelligence types: based on functionalities:

Reactive Machines- 

They are the most basic and oldest type of AI systems, as they are very reactive because they do not use any kind of past memories while making any decisions. They are the common type of intelligence that uses conceptualized thoughts to act upon.  This intelligence is used in the computer system; it mainly focuses on the current situation and takes decisions based on this. 

The popular AI researcher, “Rodney Brooks” stated that such machines lack the idea about the wider world and fail to perform in a functional way if any specific tasks are assigned to them, the usage is mainly done in the machines like “IBM’s Deep Blue and Google’s Alpha Go, also used in computer chess games.

Limited Memory – 

Limited memory holds the ability to learn from any historical data to make certain decisions, but whatever information’s stored in this memory can be used for a very limited period of time. But one thing limited memory can do is this intelligence can easily look into past information, such intelligence of limited memory is used in several chatbots, self-driving machines, virtual assistants like Siri, and in machines having limited memory. They participate in the many decision-making processes in many car technologies to avoid any kind of cutting off another driver or being hit by any car.

Theory of Mind- 

The theory of mind helps people in understanding the various activities, actions, emotions, and objects of the world that need to be interactive, this type of artificial intelligence is yet to be discovered and many researchers are contributing their time to developing this type of intelligence which will understand the human moods and their courses of actions. Though, for implementing this intelligence one requires some set of critical technological enhancements which can sort the people’s emotions, thoughts

Self Awareness –  

Self-awareness is considered the final stage of development of AI,  this is used in machines that need to have their own consciousness and self-awareness, they contain much more intelligence rather than human minds, but they still don’t exist.  To date, it has been presented as the theoretical idea, this artificial intelligence is thought, can be used to develop attentive AI systems at par with the human brain. There is no valid proof of when this intelligence will be developed in the near future.

Future of AI

Thus, from the above discussion, it can be said that Artificial intelligence has made various impacts on daily lives, and the implementation of such AI has made the works much easier, convenient. The upcoming future of Artificial intelligence is that it will replace physical labor jobs, mainly this intelligence will be seen in the near future to solve the queries of customers. 

But, it will also negatively impact human jobs, as it will take away all the specialized jobs from the skilled talents and will be assigned to AI. It has been assumed that by 2030, there will be large use of such bits of intelligence, and chatbots to automation systems will no more be controlled by humans. Artificial intelligence has been seen to make a broader impact on the entire dynamics of the world.

Author Bio:  

Anne Gill is a writer with a publishing firm. She is also a part of MyAssignmenthelp.co.uk and supports students who have issues handling homework and need computer science assignment help. Gill has been in the writing industry for the last 20 years and is popular among students. In her free time, Gill likes to go hiking.

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Ahsan Khan
Ahsan Khan
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