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7 Essential Cuts Every Editor Should Know

Many of us, who don’t know much about editing say editing is nothing but shortening and merging clips or deleting a bad part. This is true to an extent, but how do you know how much to shorten the clip or which is the bad part? 

No matter what platform you are editing. Be it Final cut Pro X, Avid, or resolve. Editing is all about taking important decisions which will help the story in many ways. These techniques are known as storytelling techniques. These are the bases which will help you differentiate your project from others. Let us talk about some basic cuts the video editors must know. 

STANDARD CUT

The basics of editing is to have a standard cut. The cuts between two different clips which are next to each other. Itb is just the end of one action and the beginning of another action. This can be from a scene or from scene to scene. There is nothing more to it, Learn video editing course in ahmedabad but it is very important to know when and how to cut. So if you are cutting any commercial or corporate video, you’ll know  you’ll have to just convey information in a very well-mannered way. 

You can practice editing through a software, but when to cut can’t be taught. It is all about your intuition. Just like any other art, it takes time to master. 

J-CUT 

J-cut is having audio from the preceding video and entering it in the next shot before the first shot is finished. For tying scenes together J-cut is a must. If you listen to the raw edits you may find abrupt endings of some music, and sudden change of scenery can diversify the audio. right from a noisy beach to a car, the sound in the background needs to change but not abruptly. Though standard cut is important, having J-cut helps you edit these two sounds into one by fading clip one and merging it with clip 2. 

The main work of J-cut is that they tie two scenes audio into one to make the conversation look more natural. 

L-CUT 

L-cut is merging audio bleeding from one shot to another one. It is just like J-cut, but instead of merging audio from clip 2 to clip 1. It drags audio from one clip to another.

JUMP CUT 

A jump cut is something where a shot is cut way before itself. Making the subject look more irregular through the screen. This is usually used to show a shift of time. 

This cut often keeps the audience hooked in an entertaining and fun way.  The technique of cutting this is taking a long clip and cutting it. This way you let your characters jump. This is a very visionary site, animation courses in ahmedabad but with the latest trends of comedians and vloggers this jump cut has become subconscious as a speed scene. 

This nature of jump cuts is not often seen in televisions or movies. This edit is visible to the audience, so it is preferable by comedians. 

MONTAGE 

This type of cut shows a series of clips that shows gradual change of person, location, or time. 

You’ll find this cut in many action films, comedies,a dn some of the horror movies. Montage is the smoothest way possible which shows passage of time and shows character development.

Montage is used in many films which helps you bring nostalgic resemblance to 80s action. This is typically used in showing the protagonist showing the next best thing. You can easily create montage in many different ways. As jump cuts depend on location or the scene, montage is all about sequence. 

You can cover footage of all the characters who are attempting to accomplish a goal with a catchy song. Make sure to keep the length of the clip right and you get your montage ready.  If there are long passages of time, make sure the transition clips are cross dissolved. 

If you are planning to have a training montage, be sure to have these for a more detailed montage sequence 

  • Multiple costumes
  • Various times of days 
  • Various weather patterns 

CUTTING ON ACTION

Cutting the action is when you cut one shot to such an angle that it matches perfectly with the first shot’s action. 

The most popular and used cuts in video editing is “Cutting on the action”. What exactly is cutting in the action?  Cutting on action is a way of cutting an action of a character such as jumping, turning around, kicking, running etc. in such a way that it captures audience attention and jumps to another scene without even them realizing there was a cut. 

This cut is only feasible when you have enough shots of one particular action. Wide, medium and close shots. This will help you get precise video editing. 

However, as said , cutting on action doesn’t mean it should be action oriented, it can be simple tasks such as opening a cupboard. 

CROSS-CUTTING 

Cross cutting is editing two different sequences occurring at the same time at different locations. 

Though it is challenging, cross-cutting is a perfect way of showing two stories all together. As both the stories are playing together you can cut between both of them. This technique shows one character doing something at one location, and another doing something else at the same time in another location and bringing back to the first scene. The main point of using cross-cutting is to create suspense and help create a scope for further movies. 
The best example of knowing the cross-cutting cut technique is Inception. The nature of cross-cutting only works if you think everything prior. If you are planning to make a movie with this cutting technique make sure you assemble both the dots and then make sequences together

Also Read: Choose a premium Sofa for Your Home

Jack henry
Jack henry
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