Pancreatitis is a pancreatic disease caused by inflammatory processes in the body. The disease has many different symptoms, including pain,and therefore requires adequate treatment. If measures are not taken to eliminate the symptoms, pancreatitis progresses, the pathological process spreads to the nearest organs, and pancreatic cells die quickly. Late treatment leads to death. 100% of patients, ignoring the disease, become disabled.
The number of working-age people suffering from pancreatitis is increasing every year. Many patients have problems with the treatment of this disease and do not seek medical help. The main way to fight pancreatitis is proper nutrition and a healthy lifestyle. Each stage of the disease provides a regimen with clear recommendations and prohibitions, from which we should not deviate under any circumstances. Despite serious limitations, you can live a long happy life with pancreatitis.
The course of pancreatitis is possible in several forms:
The development of acute pancreatitis occurs quickly and suddenly. Patients do not pay attention to a slight burning sensation on the side, but after a few days they do not get out of bed because of sharp pains and other pronounced symptoms. Acute pancreatitis can lead to complete recovery, development of chronic pancreatitis or death of the patient from complications.
For a long time, the patient lives with periods of exacerbations and improved health (remission). Medicine is helpless in the fight against the disease, complete cure of chronic pancreatitis is impossible to achieve. A state of permanent remission is the goal for patients, as the inflammation may not bother you for years. All patients with chronic pancreatitis are prescribed a lifelong diet.
A special form can be singled out acute recurrent pancreatitis. This symptomatic type of disease resembles chronic pancreatitis, however, relapse occurs again in less than 2 months. If similar symptoms appear six months later, these are signs of chronic inflammation.
Causes of disease
A disorder of the pancreas is caused by damage to the tissue of the organ. Pancreatic juice consists of trypsin, lipase and other digestive enzymes, which easily break down proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the body.
In cases where pancreatic juice does not enter the intestine, it acts inside the gland, the process of “self-digestion” develops. Enzymes break down their own tissues. Under their influence, part of the cells die, the rest show resistance, inflammation of the pancreas begins.
The outflow of pancreatic juice is disturbed under the influence of the following factors:
- mechanical (drinking excessive amounts of alcohol, smoking, unhealthy diet, cholelithiasis, abdominal injuries);
- hereditary predisposition;
- autoimmune diseases (lupus erythematosus, arthritis);
In cases where the first attack of acute pancreatitis, the patient did not receive the necessary medical care, the inflammation becomes chronic. Simultaneous disorder of the pancreas and biliary tract leads to cholecystopancreatitis and further development of peritonitis.
Nutrition for pancreatitis in adults
The food system does not include the use of heavy and fatty foods. Diet for pancreatitis, prescribed by a doctor, is based on the principles of proper nutrition. Patients are advised to eat small portions of 1 once a day. Having to eliminate unhealthy food from the diet forever. In case of pancreatic disease, it is necessary to eat mainly protein foods, and it is better to minimize the consumption of fats and carbohydrates.
Maintaining a diet without distractions is possible when preparing the menu for the coming week. When making a diet, consider the following recommendations:
- don’t skip meals (eat every hour 2-3);
- eat portions in 10 g;
- grind food if it can irritate the mucous membrane;
- it is better to choose dishes with a higher protein content;
- forget about excessive consumption of fats and carbohydrates;
- waste products with a high juice content;
- with severe pain, they refuse to eat for two days.
It is much more difficult to endure such a diet for sweet tooth, because they should not eat their favorite sweets, cakes and cookies.
How to eat with acute pancreatitis
Acute pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas that develops under the influence of various factors. This form of the disease requires medical supervision. According to statistics, 100% of patients die from the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. The disease is dangerous because it develops so quickly that it is almost impossible to avoid complications. Correctly selected therapy and timely medical assistance prevent unwanted consequences and lead to a complete recovery of the patient.
PANCREATITIS TREATMENT IS BASED ON A STRICT DIET, WHICH CANNOT BE INTERRUPTED UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES, ESPECIALLY AFTER PANCREATITIS SURGERY. IT IS NECESSARY TO ADHERE TO PRESCRIBED RECOMMENDATIONS FOR LIFE, BECAUSE ONLY PROPER NUTRITION CAN SAVE THE PATIENT FROM DISEASE RECURRENCE. DIET FOR ACUTE PANCREATITIS IS CHARACTERIZED BY EXCESSIVE STRICTNESS AND CONSISTENCY.
In the first two days after the onset of the disease, the patient abstains from food (starvation). To maintain body elements, vitamins and minerals are injected intravenously in the form of special solutions. After removal of sharp painful symptoms, liquid food is added to the diet. The doctor who analyzes the patient’s condition indicates how long the diet should be followed.
After the attack of pancreatitis subsides, add porridge, mashed potatoes, kisses to the patient’s menu. Dishes are served in chopped form: grated or ground with a mixer. A one-week diet with such strict restrictions improves the patient’s condition and reduces inflammation of the pancreas. When the patient’s condition stabilizes, kefir, compote, cottage cheese and omelet are gradually added to the diet. The food continues to be steamed for 2 months, and the products are heat treated.
After some time, if the state of health allows, it is allowed to eat bakery products, fish, lean meat. After acute pancreatitis, the patient will have to restore the menu and way of working in accordance with the principles of proper nutrition:
- split meals. Food should be consumed every 20-24 hours.
- small portions. The volume of one meal should be 100 g.
- they do not allow the feeling of strong hunger to appear.
With acute pancreatitis, patients should forget about fatty foods, spices, smoked meat, sour fruits and vegetables.
An example of a daily diet for patients with acute pancreatitis:
Diet for chronic diseases
Any chronic disease cannot bother the patient for a long time, however, there are periods when remission gives way to acute attacks. 100% of exacerbations fall on the so-called off-season “spring-autumn”. The cause of the attack becomes a violation of diet and drink. Alcohol – the main enemy for patients suffering from pancreatic disease.
In the first days after an acute attack of pain, the patient is starving, drinking only water. In the future, the doctor prescribes a special diet, usually diet 1 (table no. 1). The menu consists mainly of protein products: lean meat, fish, 0% fat cottage cheese, etc. You should eat cooked and steamed food 8 times a day. The volume of one portion is 250 g (one handful).