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Friday, February 23, 2024

How to swim crawl


Crawl is a type of swimming on the stomach, in which the swimmer alternately makes sweeping movements with his arms along the body. The movement of the legs when swimming crawl is alternate (according to the principle of scissors). Strikes are performed in a vertical plane. The face is in the water almost all the time, the athlete raises it periodically only to take a breath, while turning his head to the side. The front crawl is the fastest of all swimming styles with lifeguard training.

Style history

Crawl, as a style of swimming, has been known to mankind for a long time, but Europe “met” it only in 1844 during sports competitions in London. English swimmers at that time swam breaststroke, so they were quickly defeated by the American Indians. But even the defeat did not force the British to use crawl – they considered this style to be too noisy and “wet” due to the abundance of splashes

Healy, an Australian athlete, made a great contribution to the development of the crawl. He demonstrated how hands and feet can be coordinated while rowing. At the same time, with his legs folded at the knee joint, he made intense strikes on the water, focusing on the shins. The famous rabbit swimmers of our time were the American J. Weissmuller and the athlete from Hawaii D. Kahanamoku, who lives in the USA. The peak of popularity of Weissmuller came in 1922-1927, Kahanamoku – from 1912 to 1924.

If we talk about female rabbits, then one cannot fail to note the Dane R. Hveger and the Australian D. Fraser. The first was able to win all the awards in freestyle swimming from 1936 until the end of the Second World War, and Fraser in the 100m swim was able to pass the minute limit.

What is crawl swimming and what types does it have

Water style, or crawl is a type of swimming on the stomach, in which the swings of the arms and legs alternately change. In this case, the legs work in the style of scissors, and the arms, making circular movements in a vertical plane, descend along the body. The body takes the form of a stretched string, the face is in the water. In order to inhale, the swimmer takes his face out of the water, turning his head to the side, inhales, and exhales into the water.

The main varieties of rabbit include:

American, or 6-stroke version: it consists in rhythmic strokes with the upper limbs, the face and legs lowered into the water, which make 6 alternating strokes during one cycle of arm movement;
Australian, or 2-stroke type: the athlete floating on his chest has his head raised up; arms bent at the elbows row, palms pushing off the water. The legs work with “scissors” – the impact of the foot of one leg coincides with one movement of the hand;
4-stroke: similar to the American style, but the legs rotate faster: similar to the 6-stroke arm rowing style, the lower limbs make 4 strokes;
swimming on the back: the body is in the water in a horizontal position, the pelvis is static, does not sag. The swimmer makes long, circular strokes with his arms, working his legs like scissors.

Crawl on the chest

The front crawl is the fastest way to swim. Learning to swim begins with establishing the correct position of the swimmer in the water. The exercise is done correctly if the athlete lies horizontally face down, immersed in water. The next stage of training is the correct work of the upper and lower limbs.

The benefits and harms of a rabbit on the chest
Crawl requires a lot of energy from the athlete. The athlete’s body becomes as hardy as possible, and the skill is used in almost all sports disciplines. Crawl classes perfectly train the respiratory system, increase the efficiency of the heart muscle, activate the metabolic and excretory functions of the body.

Swimming crawl strengthens the muscles of the body, while the spine and joints do not experience a strong load. This sport is indicated for people suffering from diseases of the musculoskeletal system, the elderly and pregnant women.

In the presence of cardiac or respiratory ailments, it is recommended to replace the front crawl with a more relaxed type of swimming. Crawl has almost no contraindications, but if the exercises are performed incorrectly, it will bring little benefit to the body.

Front crawl technique
All work when swimming crawl on the chest rests on 3 main “whales”:

  • Movement of the upper limbs.
  • Movement of the lower limbs.
  • Proper breathing and body position in the water.


The step-by-step execution of crawl technique is described below, possible options for moving arms and legs are described. The starting position of the swimmer looks like this:

  • the body is stretched into a “string”;
  • arms are straight, extended forward;
  • legs are relaxed, are in a straight position;
  • face dipped into the water.


You can also take the starting position by pushing your feet off the side of the pool, moving forward, or jumping into the water.

Hand work in freestyle

The correct setting of the upper limbs in crawl consists of:

Jack henry
Jack henry
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