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Thursday, May 23, 2024

Hop Latent Viroid In Plant Talk

Cannabis growers are awake at night worrying about the hop latent virus. They are concerned that HLVD would destroy valuable heirloom varieties and completely wipe out entire crops in addition to cutting into profits. Researchers are working nonstop to understand what HLVd is, how it affects plants, and most importantly, how to halt it as it spreads throughout the nation and possibly the entire world. Jeff Jones, a horticulture expert at Verne Bioanalytics, is leading the fight against HLVd. He offers some insight into the virus that is endangering the industry as inquiries about it arise in OU courses, Friday Horticulture Labs, and Clubhouse discussions.

Hop Latent Viroid: What Is It?

Viroids are tiny, single-stranded, circular RNA-based diseases that attack plants. They don’t have a protein coating like viruses do. HLVD is named for the fact that it affects both cannabis and hops, the sister plants.

What Signs Are Present?

The word “latent” in its name refers to how healthy cannabis plants with HLVd initially are. Growth is typical, and everything appears to be going as planned. Then, something goes wrong during the blossoming phase. Plants begin to “dud out.” They develop smaller, prickly leaves and become stunted. Buds are smaller and looser, with fewer trichomes and less smell, and nodes are closer together. Jones claims that HLVD can cause cannabis growers to lose a large portion of their crop.

What Do We Currently Know About HLVD?

It is probably disseminated by clones and spread from plant to plant through handling and manicuring tools since the plant’s “blood” gets on scissors or hands. Isopropyl alcohol sterilization procedures do not eliminate the viroid. In fact, according to Jones, alcohol appears to enhance HLVd, making plants more vulnerable to infection. Due to its hidden nature, it frequently spreads unintentionally within and among cannabis crops.

How Did It First Appear?

Jones claims that in the 1990s, when he was working from Oakland, California, to normalize clones and distribute them affordably to medical patients all over the world, he first learned about duds. Cannabis was previously cultivated from seeds, and seeds do not appear to transmit HLVD. Jeff’s study changed this.

What Makes It So Sneaky?

Cannabis prohibition restricted scholarly research into the factors behind the failures, but this is beginning to change. Companies are investing in a fix as more and more states legalize marijuana and commercial cultivation begins. However, commercialization also means that the issue appears to be spreading at an even faster rate when growers share cultivars with others and introduce new cultivars to their farms, facilities, and greenhouses.

How Can We Prevent It?

The million-dollar query is that. Here are the actions taken thus far Rapid testing is being used by growers to check clones for HLVD Testing before combining them with other plants.

Propagation Methods

It is promising to use tissue cultures to generate cannabis from a single cell that may be HLVd-free. Bleach and hypochlorous acid appear to be effective for sterilization. For large growth, twice-weekly plant spraying can be accomplished using pricey water electrolysis equipment. Small operators can physically spray, soak, agitate, and brush each plant separately to stop spread by purchasing relatively affordable bottles of these disinfection solutions.However, none of these strategies are foolproof, warns Jones. Plants may test negative, yet later develop HLVD Testing. When a plant is stressed, a condition that was latent in it may reappear, according to Jones. “Just because you have the infection doesn’t mean you have the viral load,” the saying goes. Is HLVD Testing coming back as a result of local contamination? Despite negative test findings, did it sneak into the plant? Researchers are working hard and quickly to find answers to these problems. The professionals at Oaksterdam are staying up to date on this subject by interacting with the cannabis community and openly disseminating new information.

Ahsan Khan
Ahsan Khan
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