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5 Key Terms You Need to Know for Effective Glucose Management

5 Key Terms You Need to Know for Effective Glucose Management

Although the medical community has made great strides in diabetes management, there are still some aspects of glucose management that can be confusing to both patients and medical professionals alike. To help you effectively manage your diabetes, we’ve compiled a list of five terms that you should become familiar with in order to properly care for yourself. If you have questions about these terms or any others, ask your doctor or nurse so that you can maintain good control over your diabetes and prevent health complications from occurring.

1) The Glycemic Index

The glycemic index is a system that ranks carbohydrate-containing foods according to how much they raise blood sugar levels. Foods with a high glycemic index are those that cause a rapid rise in blood sugar, while foods with a low glycemic index are those that cause a slow, gradual rise. The glycemic index can be useful for people with diabetes, as it can help them choose foods that will not cause spikes in their blood sugar levels.

 High glycemic index foods cause an increase in blood sugar levels, which can be problematic if you have diabetes. These foods typically are sweeter or starchy, and they’re digested very quickly by your body. According to health experts, eating high glycemic index foods can lead to insulin resistance and elevated triglyceride levels. On the other hand, low glycemic index foods cause a slow rise in blood sugar and can help you manage your blood glucose levels better than high GI foods. Low GI foods tend to be non-starchy vegetables, some fruit, whole grains and certain types of legumes.

2) Understanding Insulin (How it works, what you should know)

Insulin is a hormone that helps the body use glucose for energy. It is produced by the pancreas and released into the bloodstream after eating. Insulin helps cells absorb glucose from the bloodstream and allows the body to use it for energy. Without insulin, glucose builds up in the blood, causing health problems.

3) Fasting Insulin

Fasting insulin is a blood test that measures the level of insulin in your body after you have fasted for at least 8 hours. This test is used to help diagnose type 2 diabetes and prediabetes. A fasting insulin level of 5 mIU/mL or higher suggests insulin resistance, which is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. A fasting insulin level between 3 and 5 mIU/mL is considered normal.

 To get a fasting insulin test, your doctor will ask you to fast overnight. Typically, you’ll need to abstain from food and drink (except water) for at least 8 hours before giving a blood sample. If your fasting insulin level is normal, it’s likely that you’re not insulin resistant. However, if your level is higher than normal, it’s worth seeing a doctor who can help guide you through treatment options. The good news is that prediabetes and type 2 diabetes are both completely preventable if caught early enough and easy treatments—such as exercise or medication—can help bring levels back into range.

4) Carbohydrate Counting

Carbohydrate counting is a method of managing blood sugar levels that involves tracking the amount of carbohydrates you eat and drink throughout the day. By knowing how many carbs are in your food, you can better control your blood sugar levels.

 Many people with diabetes use carbohydrate counting in combination with other glucose management methods. Although there are some differences in how they do it, counting carbs generally involves: Eating three meals and two snacks each day; Measuring or estimating grams of carbohydrates in each food you eat; Recording your carb intake at each meal and snack; Keeping track of your carb intake over time to identify patterns or problems.

5) BGs in the Afternoon/Evening

Your body’s natural insulin production usually starts to decrease in the afternoon and evening hours. This means that your blood sugar may start to rise during this time, even if you haven’t eaten anything since lunch. To help prevent this, you can:

– Eat a small snack with protein and fat around 3pm.

– Exercise regularly in the afternoon and evening.

– Avoid eating high-carb foods close to bedtime.

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Ahsan Khan
Ahsan Khan
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